SC2 Completed Research
Completed research includes books or book chapters, white papers, reports, journal articles and other documents that Skagit Climate Science Consortium (SC2) scientists have written describing their completed research efforts in the Skagit.
Definitions that describe the scientific review processes for the various types of reports can be found here. Not all completed SC2 research documents are available on this site. If you would like further information that you cannot find, please contact Carol MacIlroy or one of the scientists.
The Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington has an extensive and searchable database that includes papers and other documents about climate change broader than the Skagit basin and is an excellent resource.
2017: Historical Climate Trends for Seattle City Light
Guillaume Mauger, Karin Bumbaco, Robert Norheim, Jason Won, and Nick Bond
2016: Sediment load and distribution in the lower Skagit River, Skagit County, Washington
Christopher A. Curran, Eric E. Grossman, Mark C, Mastin, and Raegan L. Huffman
Skagit Climate Science Consortium:
Northwest Science Special Issue
2016: From Glaciers to Estuary: Assessing Climate Change Impacts on the Skagit River Basin, A Series of Six Reports
In 2015, SC2 scientists collaborated to produce a special issue for Northwest Science focused on climate change in the Skagit river basin. Six papers and an introductory paper can be accessed through the indented list below.
2016: Introduction to the Skagit Issue—From Glaciers to Estuary: Assessing Climate Change Impacts on the Skagit River Basin
John M. Rybczyk, Alan F. Hamlet, Carol MacIlroy and Larry Wasserman
2016: Impact of Recent Glacial Recession on Summer Streamflow in the Skagit River
Jon Lyle Riedel and Michael Allen Larrabee
2016: Impacts of Climate Change on Regulated Streamflow, Hydrologic Extremes, Hydropower Production, and Sediment Discharge in the Skagit River Basin
Se-Yeun Lee, Alan F. Hamlet and Eric E. Grossman
2016: Effects of Climate Change on Extreme Low-Flows in Small Lowland Tributaries in the Skagit River Basin
Matt Stumbaugh and Alan F. Hamlet
2016: Combined Effects of Projected Sea Level Rise, Storm Surge, and Peak River Flows on Water Levels in the Skagit Floodplain
Joseph J. Hamman, Alan F. Hamlet, Se-Yeun Lee, Roger Fuller and Eric E. Grossman
2016: Assessing Tidal Marsh Vulnerability to Sea-Level Rise in the Skagit Delta
W. Gregory Hood, Eric E. Grossman and Curt Veldhuisen
2016: Sensitivity of Circulation in the Skagit River Estuary to Sea Level Rise and Future Flows
Tarang Khangaonkar, Wen Long, Brandon Sackmann, Teizeen Mohamedali and Alan F. Hamlet
2015: Hydrologic Impacts of Climate Change in the Skagit River Basin
Christina Bandaragoda, Chris Frans, Erkan Istanbulluoglu, Crystal Raymond and Larry Wasserman
2015: Glacier status and contribution to streamflow in the Olympic Mountains, Washington
J.L. Riedel, Steve Wilson, William Baccus, Michael Larrabee, T.J. Fudge, and Andrew Fountain
2015: Predicting the number, orientation, and spacing of dike breaches for tidal marsh restoration
W. Gregory Hood
2015: Spatial and temporal patterns in smolt survival of wild and hatchery Coho Salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch) in the Salish Sea
Mara S. Zimmerman, James R. Irvine, Meghan O’Neill, Joseph H. Anderson, Correigh M. Greene, Joshua Weinheimer, Marc Trudel & Kit Rawson
2015: Forty years of change in forage fish and jellyfish abundance across greater Puget Sound, Washington (USA): Anthropogenic and climate associations
Correigh Greene, Lauren Kuehne, Casimir Rice, Kurt Fresh, and Daniel Penttila
2015: Widespread detection of human– and ruminant-origin Bacteroidales markers in subtidal waters of the Salish Sea in Washington State
Zack Oyafuso, Anne E. Baxter, Jason E. Hall, Sean M. Naman, Correigh M. Greene, and Linda D. Rhodes
2015: Estimating continuous body size-based shifts in δ15N-δ13C space using multivariate hierarchical models
Jonathan C. P. Reum, Rachel A. Hovel, and Correigh M. Greene
2015: Geographic variation in Puget Sound tidal channel planform geometry
W. Gregory Hood
2014: Estimates of Twenty-First-Century Flood Risk in the Pacific Northwest Based on Regional Climate Model Simulations
Eric P. Salathé Jr., Alan F. Hamlet, Clifford F. Mass, Se-Yeun Lee, Matt Stumbaugh, and Richard Steed
2014: Differences in tidal channel network geometry between reference marshes and marshes restored by historical dike breaching
W. Gregory Hood
2013: Climate change vulnerability and adaptation in the North Cascades region, Washington.
Raymond, C.L.; Peterson, D.L.; Rochefort, R.M. 20xx.
2013: Estimating Effects of Tidal Power Projects and Climate Change on Threatened and Endangered Marine Species and Their Food Web
D. Shallin Busch, Correigh M. Greene and Thomas P. Good
2013: The North Cascadia Adaptation Partnership: A Science-Management Collaboration for Responding to Climate Change
Crystal L. Raymond, David L. Peterson and Regina M. Rochefort
2012: Pacific Coast Tidal Wetlands
J.C. Callaway, A.B. Borde, H.L. Diefenderfer, V. Thomas Parker, J.M. Rybczyk, and R.M. Thom
2012: Latest Pleistocene and Holocene Glacier Fluctuations on Mount Baker, Washington
Gerald Osborn, Brian Menounos, Chamone Ryane, Jon Riedel, John J. Clague, Johannes Koch, Douglas Clark, Kevin Scott, and P. Thompson Davis
2012: Beaver in tidal marshes: Dam effects on low-tide channel pools and fish use of estuarine habitat
W. Gregory Hood
2012: Biological and Physical Effects of “Fish-Friendly” Tide Gates
Correigh Greene, Jason Hall, Eric Beamer, Rich Henderson, and Bruce Brown
2012: Simulation of annual biogeochemical cycles of nutrient balance, phytoplankton bloom(s), and DO in Puget Sound using an unstructured grid model
Tarang Khangaonkar, Brandon Sackmann, Wen Long, Teizeen Mohamedali, Mindy Roberts
2012 EPA and the U.S. Geological Survey Publish a Guide for Identifying Cold-Water Refuges to Protect and Restore Thermal Diversity in Riverine Landscapes
2011: Skagit River Basin Climate Science Report, a summary report prepared for Skagit County and the Envision Skagit Project
The Department of Civil Environmental Engineering and The Climate Impacts Group at the University of Washington. Lee, Se-Yeun, A.F. Hamlet.
2011: Shallow stratigraphy of the Skagit River Delta, Washington, USA derived from sediment cores. USGS Open File Report 2011–1194.
Grossman, E.E., George, D.A., Lam, A. (2011).
2011: Sediment Load from Major Rivers in Puget Sound and its Adjacent Waters. U.S. Geological Survey Fact-Sheet 2011–3083, 4 p.
Czuba, J.A., Magirl, C.S., Czuba, C.R., Grossman, E.E., Curran, C.A., Gendaszek, A.S., and Dinicola, R.S. (In Layout)
2011: Multiscale influence of climate on estuarine forage fish: the role of coastal upwelling, river discharge and local water temperature and salinities. MEPS 425: 203–215.
Jonathan Reum, Tim Essington, Correigh Greene, Casey Rice, Kurt Fresh
2011: Nearshore ecosystem predictors of a bacterial infection in juvenile Chinook salmon. MEPS 432: 161–172.
Linda Rhodes, Casey Rice, Correigh Greene, Shelly Nance, Paul Moran, Collen Durkin, Surafel Gezhegne
2010: A 6,000-yr Lake Record of Drought from the Pacific Northwest
Daniel B. Nelson, Mark B. Abbott, Byron Steinman, Pratigya J. Polissar, Nathan D. Stansell, Joseph D. Ortiz, Michael F. Rosenmeier, Bruce P. Finney, and Jon Riedel
2010: Timing and extent of Evans Creek stade alpine glaciation in Skagit valley, Washington
Jon L. Riedel, John J. Clague, Brent C. Ward
2010: Seattle City Light Climate Change Analysis
Prepared for The City of Seattle, Seattle City Light
2010: Improved viability of populations with diverse life history portfolios. Biology Letters 6: 382–386
Correigh Greene, Jason Hall, Kim Guilbault, Tom Quinn
2010: Contrasting life cycle impacts of stream flow on two Chinook salmon populations. Hydrobiologia, 655: 171–188.
David Arthaud, Correigh Greene, Kim Guilbault, Jim Morrow
2010: North Cascades Research Brief: Glaciers
National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior; North Cascades National Park Complex; Jon Riedel
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ 2009: North Cascades National Park Complex Glacier Mass Balance Monitoring Annual Report, Water Year 2009
Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/NCCN/NRTR—2011/483
2009: Sediment Load and Distribution in the Lower Skagit River.
Curran, C., Grossman, E., Mastin, M. and Huffman, R. (In Review)
2009: The Benchmark Glacier Concept– does it work? Lessons from the North Cascade Range, USA
Andrew G. Fountain, Matthew J. Hoffman, Frank Granshaw, and Jon Riedel
2007: Nearshore circulation and water column properties in the Skagit River Delta, northern Puget Sound, Washington — Juvenile Chinook salmon habitat availability in the Swinomish Channel: USGS Scientific Investigations Report 2007–5120, 96 p.
Grossman, E.E., Stevens, A, Gelfenbaum, G, and Curran, C. 2007
2007: Geomorphology of a Cordilleran Ice Sheet drainage network through breached divides in the North Cascades Mountains of Washington and British Columbia
Jon L. Riedel, Ralph Haugerud, and John J. Clague
2006: Incorporating parameter uncertainty into evaluations of spawning habitat limitations on Chinook salmon populations. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 63:1242–1250.
Peter Kiffney, Correigh Greene, Jason Hall, Jeremy Davies
2006: Gradients in habitat heterogeneity, productivity, and diversity at tributary junctions. Canadian Journal Of Fisheries And Aquatic Sciences 63: 2518–2530
Peter Kiffney, Correigh Greene, Jason Hall, Jeremy Davies
2005: Effects of temperature and precipitation variability on snowpack trends in the western U.S., Journal of Climate, 18 (21): 4545–4561.
Hamlet, A.F., Mote, P.W, Clark, M.P., Lettenmaier, D.P.
2005: Effects of environmental conditions during stream, estuary, and ocean residency on Chinook salmon return rates in the Skagit River, WA. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 134:1562–1581.
Correigh Greene, David Jensen, George Pess, Ashley Steel
2005: Mapping ecosystems at the landform scale in Washington State
Jon Riedel and Jeanna Probala
2004: Consequences of potential density-dependent mechanisms on recovery of ocean-type chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha). Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 61: 590–602.
Correigh Greene and Tim Beechie
2001: Spatial variability of glacier mass balance in the North Cascades, Washington 1984–2000
Mauri S. Pelto and Jon Riedel
1999: Deposition of Mount Mazama tephra in a landslide dammed lake on the upper Skagit River, Washington
Jon L. Riedel, P.T. Pringle, and R.L. Schuster
Applying and testing a predictive vegetation model to management of the invasive cattail, Typha angustifolia, in an oligohaline tidal marsh reveals priority effects caused by non-stationarity.
Arrival and Expansion of the Invasive Foraminifera Trochammina hadai Uchio in Padilla Bay, Washington. Submitted to Northwest Science.
McGann, M., Grossman, E.E., Takesue, R.K., Penttila, D., Walsh, J.P., Corbett, R.
Utilizing lignin-derived phenols to examine historic eelgrass occurrence and abundance: Results from Westcott and Padilla Bays, Puget Sound, WA. Submitted to Journal of Environmental Science.
Campbell, P.L., Rosenbauer, R.J., Swarzenski, P.W., Grossman, E.E. (In Review)